Artist Biography - Anish Kapoor
Anish Kapoor was born on the 12th of March 1954, in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, and is a British Sculptor. He moved to London in 1973 and studied at the Hornsey College of Art and later the Chelsea School of Art and Design.
Kapoor transformed the cool, conceptual, and minimal approach to
sculpture by adding lyricism, metaphor, and the heat of the primordial.
Objects... spill out from their own parameters suggesting an excess of
emotion, yet they also stand serenely as in meditative focus for ritual.
Typically, the sculptures appear abstract, with Kapoor's intention to
promote self-reflection made most obvious when using mirrored surfaces.
He does not wish to present a prescriptive idea, but instead to create
an environment within which people themselves can consider meaning. As
the viewer becomes part of the sculpture, each work speaks of the
confined individuality of a single body, but also of the expansive
inclusiveness of a shared place. At once celestial and earthy, art by
Kapoor evokes untouchable far away planets alongside the soft warmth of a
close pregnant belly. His sculptures paradoxically entwine esoteric
philosophy with sensual everyday experience.
He represented Britain in the XLIV Venice Biennale in 1990, when he was awarded the Premio Duemila Prize. In 1991, he received the Turner Prize and in 2002 received the Unilever Commission for the Turbine Hall at Tate Modern. Notable public sculptures include Cloud Gate (colloquially known as "the Bean") in Chicago's Millennium Park; Sky Mirror, exhibited at the Rockefeller Center in New York City in 2006 and Kensington Gardens in London in 2010;Temenos, at Middlehaven, Middlesbrough; Leviathan, at the Grand Palais in Paris in 2011; and ArcelorMittal Orbit, commissioned as a permanent artwork for London's Olympic Park and completed in 2012. In 2017 Kapoor designed the statuette for the 2018 Brit Awards.
He has been awarded numerous times, and recieved a Knighthood in the 2013 Birthday Honours for services to visual arts. Kapoor's work is collected worldwide, notably by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City; Tate Modern in London; Fondazione Prada in Milan; the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; the Guggenheim in Bilbao; De Pont Museum of Contemporary Art in the Netherlands; the Moderna Museet, Stockholm; the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art in Kanazawa, Japan; and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.