Frank Shepard Fairey is an American contemporary graphic designer, and illustrator who emerged from the skateboarding scene. Born on February 15, 1970 in Charleston, the American artist attended Idyllwild Arts Academy in Palm Springs, California, graduating in 1988. Later the artist earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence in 1992....r>During his youth, Fairey was interested in skateboard culture and street art. By 1984, he was designing and selling hand-decorated boards and T-shirts. Often described as a Street artist, Shepard Fairey's name first began to appear in the media for wheat pasting, a form of public graffiti art and a number of accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record. He first became known for his "Andre the Giant Has a Posse" (…OBEY…) sticker campaign, in which he appropriated images from the comedic supermarket tabloid Weekly World News. The artist transformed the work stylistically and semantically into the OBEY Giant. This was also to become iconic and a decisive move in Shepard Fairey’s career, particularly in subsequent works that featured the ‘Obey’ word without any associated photographs. His work became more widely known in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, specifically his Barack Obama "Hope" poster. Fairey created a variety of propaganda posters for Barack Obama, using stylized portraits of the Senator paired with words like “Progress,” “Vote,” “Change” and “Vote”. The artists posters created a persona of Fairey as a political artist and brought him to the attention of a mass audience – but as Obama triumphed into his presidency, gradually making compromises, the association lost its shine. The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston calls him one of today's best known and most influential street artists. His work is included in the collections at The Smithsonian, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.